Connecticut Butterfly Association

Butterfly Nectar Plant List

Botanical Name

Common Name

Blooming Season

Flower Color

Type

Abelia x grandiflora

Abelia

Summer to early fall

White, Pink, Purple

Shrub

Achilea spp.

Yarrow

Spring to fall

Red, White, Yellow

Perennial

Ageratum houstonianum

Floss flower

Summer to fall

Blue, Pink, White

Annual

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

Spring

Purple

Perennial

Allium spp.

Flowering onions

Spring to summer

White, Pink, Purple

Bulb

Althaea spp.

Hollyhock

June to September

White, Pink, Purple

Perennials

Alyssum spp.

Alyssum

Spring to mid-fall

White, Pink, Purple

Perennial

Apocynum androsaemifolium

Spreading Dogbane

June, July

Pink

Wildflower

Apocynum medium

Intermediate Dogbane

June to Aug.

Pink, White

Wildflower

Arabis spp.

Rockcress

Spring

White, Pink, Purple

Perennial

Aralia spp.

Aralia

Mid-summer

White

Shrub

Aristolochia spp.

Dutchman's Pipe vine

Spring to summer

Violet, Pink

Vine

Armeria maritima

Thrift

Early spring to late fall

Pink, White, Rose, Red

Perennial

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp Milkweed

June through Aug.

Pink

Wildflower

Asclepias syriaca

Common Milkweed

June through Aug.

Lavender, Rose

Wildflower

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly weed

Summer

Orange

Perennial

Aster novae-angliae

New England Aster

Aug to Oct.

Deep Violet

Wildflower

Aster novae-belgii

New York Aster

July to Oct.

Deep Violet

Wildflower

Aster spp.

Aster

Summer to fall

White, Pink, Red, Purple

Perennial

Astilbe spp.

Astilbe

Summer

White, Pink, Red

Perennial

Aubrieta deltoidea

Purple Rock Cress

Spring

Purple

Annual

Buddleia davidii

Butterfly Bush

Mid-summer to fall

Lavender, Blue, White

Deciduous shrub

Calluna spp.

Heather

July to November

Pink, White

Perennial

Caryopteris x clandonensis

Blue Spires

Summer to fall

Blue

Shrub

Ceanothus americanus

New Jersey Tea

late June to Aug.

White

Shrub

Ceanothus spp

Ceanothus

Spring

White, Pink, Blue

Shrubs, Ground Covers

Centaurea cyanus

Bachelor's Button

Summer

Blue, Pink, White, Purple

Annual

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Button Bush

Summer

White

Shrub

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Shasta Daisy

Summer to fall

White, Yellow

Perennial

Chrysanthemum spp.

Chrysanthemum

Summer to fall

Multiple colors

Annuals, Perennials

Cirsium spp.

Thistles

June to Sept.

Purple

Wildflower

Clethra alnifolia

Pepperbush

July into Aug.

White

Shrub

Coreopsis spp.

Coreopsis

Late spring to fall

Multiple colors

Annuals, Perennials

Cornus spp.

Dogwood

Spring to summer

White, Pink

Small Tree, shrub

Cosmos spp.

Cosmos

Summer to fall

Multiple colors

Annual

Dianthus barbatus

Sweet William

Spring to summer

Multiple colors

Biennial

Echinacea purpurea

Purple coneflower

Summer into fall

Purple

Perennial

Echinops humilis

Globe Thistle

Summer to fall

Blue

Perennial

Echium spp.

Echium

Spring

Blue, White, Pink, Red

Biennials, Perennials

Escallonia virgata

Escallonia

Late summer to fall

Pale rose

Shrub

Eupatorium maculatum

Spotted Joe-Pye-Weed

July to Sept.

Purple

Wildflower

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Purple Boneset

July to Oct.

Purple, White

Wildflower

Eupatorium purpureum

Sweet Joe-Pye-Weed

July to Sept.

Pinkish purple

Wildflower

Gaillardia spp.

Gaillardia

Late July to frost

Red, Orange, Yellow

Annual

Geranium maculatum

Wild Geranium

Spring

Mauve

Wildflower

Helianthus spp.

Sunflowers

Summer to fall

White, Yellow, Orange

Annual

Heliotropium arborescens

Heliotrope

Spring to summer

Violet, White

Perennial

Hemerocallis spp.

Daylily

Spring to fall

Multiple colors

Perennial

Hesperis matronalis

Sweet Rocket

Spring to summer

Purple, White

Periennial

Iberis spp.

Candytuft

Spring to summer

Red, White, pink, purple

Annual

Impatiens spp.

Impatiens

Summer

Multiple colors

Annual

Iris versicolor

Blue Flag

Spring

Blue

Wildflower

Kolkwitzia amabilis

Beauty Bush

Spring

Yellow, White

Shrub

Lagerstroemia indica

Crape Myrtle

Mid to late summer

Pink Red, White, Orchid

Shrub

Lantana camara

Lantana

Summer to fall

Yellow, turns Orange & Red

Annual

Lavandula spp.

Lavender

Late spring, summer

Lavender, Purple

Perennial

Liatris spp.

Blazing-star

Summer

Mauve, White

Perennial

Ligustrum vulgare

Privet

mid June

white

Shrub

Lilium spp.

Lily

Late summer

Multiple colors

Bulb

Limonium sinuatum

Statice

Summer

Purple, Pink, Blue

Annual

Lobelia spp.

Lobelia

Summer to fall

Blue, Lavender, white,

Perennial

Lobularia maritima

Lobularia

Spring to fall

Purple, White, Pink

Perennial

Lonicera spp.

Honeysuckle

Spring to fall

White, Pink, Yellow

Shrubs and Vines

Lunaria annua

Honesty

Late spring,early summer

Purple, Pink, White

Biennial

Lupine spp.

Lupine

Late spring to early summer

Purple, Rose, White

Perennial

Mentha spp.

Mint

Spring to summer

Purple, White, Pink, Blue

Perennial

Monarda didyma

Bee Balm

Summer to fall

Red, Lavender, Pink

Perennial

Myosotis sylvatica

Forget-Me-Not

Spring

Blue

Perennial

Nepeta faassenii

Catmint

Early summer

Blue

Perennial

Nepeta mussinii

Catnip

Summer to fall

Blue, Purple

Perennial

Nicotiana alata

Flowering Tobacco

Summer to fall

Pink, White

Annual

Paeonia spp.

Peony

Early June

Pink, White

Perennial

Petunia x hybrid

Petunia

Spring to fall

Multiple colors

Annual

Philadelphus coronarius

Mock Orange

Late spring to early summer

White

Shrub

Phlox spp.

Phlox

Summer to fall

Multiple colors

Perennial

Potentilla simplex

Common Cinquefoil

Spring

Yellow

Wildflower

Primula spp.

Primrose

Spring to summer

Multiple colors

Perennial

Pycnanthemum spp.

Mountain Mints

Summer to fall

white

Wildflower

Rhododendron spp.

Rhododendron, Azalea

Spring to summer

Multiple colors

Shrub

Rhus typhina

Stag-horn Sumac

June to early July

greenish yellow

Shrub

Rosa spp.

Rose

Spring to fall

Multiple colors

Shrub

Rosemarinus officinalis

Rosemary

Summer

Violet, Blue

Houseplant

Rudbeckia spp.

Black-eyed Susan

Summer to fall

Yellow and Black

Biennials & Perennials

Salvia spp.

Sage

Late spring to late fall

Multiple colors

Annual, Perennial shrub

Scabiosa spp.

Pincushion Flower

Summer to fall

Pink, White, Purple, Blue,

Annual, Perennial

Sedum spp.

Sedum

Summer to fall

Pink, Mauve

Perennial

Solidago spp.

Goldenrod

Summer to fall

Yellow

Perennial

Syringa vulgaris

Lilac

Spring

White, Pink, Blue or Purple

Shrub

Tagetes spp.

Marigold

Spring

Yellow, Red, Orange

Annual

Taraxacum officinale

Dandelion

Spring

Yellow

Wildflower

Tithonia rotundifolia

Mexican Sunflower

Summer to fall

Yellow, Orange

Annual

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover

Spring

Red

Wildflower

Tropaeolum majus

Nasturtium

Late summer

Orange

Annual

Vaccinium spp.

Blueberries

Spring

White

Wildflower

Valeriana spp.

Valerian

June to July

Pink

Perennial

Verbena spp.

Verbena

Spring to fall

Multiple colors

Annual

Veronica spp.

Veronica

Summer to fall

Blue, Pink

Periennial

Viburnum spp.

Viburnum

Spring to fall

White, Pink

Shrub

Viola spp.

Violet

Spring

Blue, White

Perennial

Wisteria spp.

Wisteria

Spring

Purple, White

Vine

Zinnia spp.

Zinnia

Summer to fall

Multiple colors

Annual

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Connecticut Butterfly Association
P.O. Box 9004
New Haven, CT 06532-0004